Monday, May 18, 2009

Thursday, May 14, 2009

Edward Weston Questions


1) He received his first camera when he was 16 years old and was met with great success, his photos being shown at the Chicago Art Institute a year later. He attended the Illinois College of Photography. He was written about for his unconventional methods of portraiture. In 1922, he made the shift from pictorialism (which was popular at the time) to straight photography, when he helped to co-found the Group f/64.

2) He was called the "pioneer of sharp and precise presentation". When he made the shift to straight photography, his works mostly included nudes, still life, and landscape studies.

3) See above.

Ansel Adams Questions


1) Ansel Adams started out wanting to be a musician but quit to become a photographer when he was in college. His love of nature came from his admiration of the Golden Gate. He began to work with Yosemite Valley caretakers; who launched his career by publishing his works in their bulletins. He met Albert M. Bender, whom helped produce Ansel's first portfolio. After meeting and becoming close friends with Edward Weston, Ansel hosted his first one man museum show.

2) He began taking photographs with much depth and high tonal quality when he started out. His photo Monolith is a great example of that style. When he helped to form the Group f/64, they focused on "pure or straight photography", rather than the style that Adams had begun with.

3) See above.

Andy Warhol Questions


1) To produce his silkscreens, Warhol made photographs or had them made by his friends and assistants. These pictures were mostly taken with a specific model of Polaroid camera that Polaroid kept in production especially for Warhol. This photographic approach to painting and his snapshot method of taking pictures has had a great effect on artistic photography. Warhol was an accomplished photographer, and took an enormous amount of photographs of Factory visitors, friends

2) Marilyn Monroe, Troy Donahue, Elizabeth Taylor, Mick Jagger, John Lennon, Diana Ross, Mao Zedong and Michael Jackson.

3) See above.

Friday, May 8, 2009

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Two Effects


Taking the same picture I used for my Colorization tutorial, I added a light focus on the woman that spread to reflect slightly on the man's face. I also used the extreme contrast effect to draw out more richness in the colors of their clothing.


Tuesday, April 21, 2009

Black and White Photography Questions

1. An optical element (the lens), a chemical element (the film), and a mechanical element (the camera body).

2. A manual single-lens-reflex (SLR) camera: a camera where the photographer sees exactly the same image that is exposed to the film and can adjust everything by turning dials and clicking buttons. It uses no electricity.

3. To increase or decrease the amount of light passing through the lens, you have to change the size of the aperture -- the lens opening. This mechanism works the same way as the iris in your eye -- it opens or closes in a circle, to shrink or expand the diameter of the lens. When the lens is smaller, it captures less light, and when it is larger, it captures more light.

4. The length of exposure is determined by the shutter speed. Most SLR cameras use a focal plane shutter. This mechanism is very simple -- it basically consists of two "curtains" between the lens and the film. Before you take a picture, the first curtain is closed, so the film won't be exposed to light. When you take the picture, this curtain slides open. After a certain amount of time, the second curtain slides in from the other side, to stop the exposure.

5. You have to balance film speed, aperture size and shutter speed to fit the light level in your shot.

6. 100 ISO film, for example, is optimal for shots in bright sunlight, while 1600 film should only be used in relatively low light. The ideal exposure depends on the size of the light-sensitive grains in the film. A larger grain is more likely to absorb light photons than a smaller grain.

7.
  1. In the first step of processing, the film is placed in developing agent that is actually a reducing agent. Given the chance, the reducing agent will convert all the silver ions into silver metal. Those grains that have latent-image sites will develop more rapidly. With the proper control of temperature, time and agitation, grains with latent images will become pure silver. The unexposed grains will remain as silver-halide crystals.

  2. The next step is to complete the developing process by rinsing the film with water, or by using a "stop" bath that arrests the development process.

  3. The unexposed silver-halide crystals are removed in what is called the fixing bath. The fixer dissolves only silver-halide crystals, leaving the silver metal behind.

  4. In the final step, the film is washed with water to remove all the processing chemicals. The film strip is dried, and the individual exposures are cut into negatives.
8. The negative of the original image, photographic paper, and gelatin.

9. Photographic paper?

Friday, April 17, 2009

Collage of Squares

Annie Leibovitz


1) 1970-1983: Chief Photographer of Rolling Stone magazine: intimate photos of celebrities (defined the look of Rolling Stone)
1983-present: Featured portrait photographer for Vanity Fair 

2) John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Demi Moore, Miley Cyrus, Queen Elizabeth II.

3) Scarlett Johanson as Cinderella (Stars in Wonderland Collection) - see above picture

Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Pattern

This bookshelf demonstrates an interesting pattern.

Contrast


The light streaming through the clouds demonstrates contrasts to the darker ground below.

Emphasis


Because everything in the picture is black and white except the leaf, the eye is drawn toward it, and thus demonstrates emphasis.

Balance


Not only does the picture show a balancing egg, but the design of the picture itself it symmetrical, and is a good example of balance.

Variety


This picture shows variety in the way the leaves make a horizontal pattern at the top, and them the bent leaf and other smaller leaves at the bottom break that pattern.

Unity


The blending of colors here, and how smoothly they flow together shows unity in the picture.

Movement


The blurred background, in combination with the clear focus on the bear and the seat it is on, demonstrates the motion of the bear as it spins.

Color


These books, which are organized by color, show the color spectrum.

Texture


I think that this photo clearly demonstrates how the bark of this tree would feel to the touch, through the cracks and bumps.

Form


The use of three-dimensional shapes demonstrates form, by showing nearly all of what the object is shaped like.

Line


I like the use of both straight lines in the structure, as well as a type of horizon line as it moves backward into the distance.

Shape


It shows the basic flat shapes of circle, square, and triangle.

Value

The spectrum of colors in contrast with the black of the background in the flame is a good demonstration of value.

Space

The way the the girl is positioned in the picture (in the bottom right corner), leaves an open space in the picture, and the way the girl is looking implies a large expanse of area.